Sweden is divided into 290 municipalities. Each municipality has an organisation that is responsible for most of the social and community services available where you live, such as preschools, primary and secondary schools, social services, Swedish for Immigrants, libraries and emergency services.
The Municipality’s operations and activities are financed by taxes paid by local residents. The Municipality also receives some grants and subsidies from the state. For some of its services, the municipality charges a fee.
Very much of what the Municipality is working with has its basis in on legislation enacted by the Swedish Parliament.
Who decides what in the Municipality
The Municipal Council is the highest decision-making body in the Municipality. The Municipal Council has a similar role for the inhabitants of Knivsta as the Swedish parliament has for the entire Swedish population as a whole.
Every four years, the local residents will vote on which politicians will sit in the Municipal Council over the next four years. Such a period is called the term of office.
One of most important decisions that the Municipal Council makes each year is what the Municipal government should do and prioritise for the following year. It also decides how much tax residents of the municipality are to pay to the Municipality and how the money the Municipality has will be distributed between the Municipality’s various different activities.
During the mandate period 2015-2018, the Municipality of Knivsta is governed by a joint cooperation between the two minority coalitions (one mandate = one seat on the Municipal Council):
The 15 Minority
- The Moderates (M), 8 mandates
- The Centre Party (C), 3 mandates
- The Christian Democrats (KD), 3 mandates
- Liberal Party (FP), 1 mandates
The 14 Minority
- Social Democratic Party (S), 6 mandates
- Knivsta.Nu (KN.NU), 4 mandates
- The Swedish Green Party (MP), 2 mandates
- The Left Party (V), 2 mandates
The Sweden Democrats (SD), 2 mandates
Under the Municipal Council, there is a Municipal Executive and then boards and committees which are responsible for implementing that which the Municipal Council has decided. Based on the results of the elections every four years, the Municipal Council chooses the politicians who will sit in the Municipal Executive and on the boards and committees.
The Municipal Council has overall responsibility for the Municipal government’s finances, and for ensuring that the decisions of the Municipal Council are implemented optimally and in the most appropriate manner.
The various activities of the Municipal government are governed by politically-appointed boards/committees:
- Building and Environmental Board
- Community Development Board
- Municipal Social Welfare Board
- Education Board
Almost all of the municipality’s politicians have regular jobs and preform their municipal duties outside of their regular job. To assist them, the Municipal Executive and the boards have a public administration with salaried civil servants. These civil servants are working with planning and the implementation if what the Municipality’s politicians have decided. The Director of Municipal Administration has the overall responsibility for the municipal administration, which is divided into offices and departments. Each office/department has a manager who is responsible for that office/department’s operations.
More information about Sweden and the Swedish society
The Website Information about Sweden is for those who are new in Sweden. There you will find information about Swedish society and answers to questions about how things work concerning housing, healthcare and education. It includes information about your rights and about the governmental authorities you will come in contact with during your initial time in Sweden. You can look for job openings, find your nearest health care centre and medical clinic, and explore the range of schools available.
More information about Sweden
- Senast uppdaterad 28 dec 2015